* Bihar is a state in eastern India. It is the 12th largest state in terms of geographical size at 38,202 sq mi (98,940 km) and 3rd largest by population. Almost 58% of Biharis are below the age of 25, which is the highest proportion in India. Bihar lies mid-way between West Bengal in the east and Uttar Pradesh in the west. It is bounded by the country of Nepal to the north and by Jharkhand to the south.
* The name Bihar is derived from sanskrit word "vihara" i.e monastery.
* Patna is the Capital city of Bihar. Patna, earlier known as Pataliputra, is an Ancient Indian Civilization. The founder of Pataliputra was Ajatashatru. He made Pataliputra his capital city.
* Bihar is the origin place of the many of the great dynasties and ancient empires such as the Haryanka dynasty, the Mauryan and the Gupta Empire, etc.
* World famous universities such as Nalanda and Vikramshila were established in Ancient Bihar. Nalanda library attracted students from Iran, Korea, Japan, Persia, Greece, China and was set on fire by the army of Bakhtiyar Khilji under his command. The library was so huge that it kept on burning for full 3 months which reduced around 9 million manuscripts to ashes.
* Chhath Puja, Holi, Diwali, Ram Navami, Makar-Sankranti, Bihula, Madhushravani are the major festivals of Bihar.
* Ajay River, Bagmati River, Mahananda River, Budhi Gandak River, Ganga River, Ghaghara River, Koshi River, Kamala River, Son River, etc. are the major rivers in bihar.
* The famous pilgrim centres in Bihar are Bodhgaya, Gaya, Parasnath Hill, Rajgir, Baidyanath Dham, Janki Kund, etc.
* The places of interest near Patna are Kumrahar, Har Mandir Takht, Pathar Ki Masjid, Jalan Museum and Patna Museum, etc. The places of interest near Bodhgaya are the Bodhi Tree, Mahabodhi Temple, Ratnagar, etc. The places of interest near Nalanda are the Nalanda University, Archaeological Museum, etc.
* One of the most fertile plain of the world formed by mighty rivers like ganga, Koshi and Gandak.