* Gayatri Mantra is also known as Savitri mantra. It is a mantra from Rig Veda.
* Mantra is basically sacred utterance, a numinous sound esp in sanskrit.
* The Gayatri mantra is repeated and cited widely in classical Hindu texts such as the Bhagavad Gita, Harivamsa, and Manusmṛti. In the Pali Canon, the Buddha praises the Gayatri mantra as the foremost meter.
* Imparting the Gayatri mantra to young Sanatan men is an important part of the traditional upanayana ceremony, which marks the beginning of study of the Vedas.
The Gayatri mantra is:
ॐ भू: भुवः स्वः ।
भर्गो॑ दे॒वस्य॑ धीमहि ।
धियो॒ यो नः॑ प्रचो॒दया॑त् ॥
om bhūr bhuvaḥ svaḥ
tát savitúr váreṇ(i)yaṃ
bhárgo devásya dhīmahi
dhíyo yó naḥ prachodayāt
Sir William Jones - 1807
"Let us adore the supremacy of that divine sun, the god-head who illuminates all, who recreates all, from whom all proceed, to whom all must return, whom we invoke to direct our understandings aright in our progress toward his holy seat."
William Quan Judge - 1803
"Unveil, O Thou who givest sustenance to the Universe, from whom all proceed, to whom all must return, that face of the True Sun now hidden by a vase of golden light, that we may see the truth and do our whole duty on our journey to thy sacred seat."
Sivanath Sastri (Brahmo Samaj) - 1911
"We meditate on the worshipable power and glory of Him who has created the earth, the nether world and the heavens (i.e. the universe), and who directs our understanding."
"We meditate on the glory of that Being who has produced this universe; may He enlighten our minds."
S. Radhakrishnan 1947, 1953
" We meditate on the effulgent glory of the divine Light; may he inspire our understanding."
"We meditate on the adorable glory of the radiant sun; may he inspire our intelligence."